Saturday, May 23, 2020
Manan Sood Jon Inglett, Stacey Paugh English Composition 1- 1113 February 15, 2014 My Life Changing Experience When I was 13 years old, my parents started to think about moving to United States because my dad was already working here for a company. We started all the immigration related process which took a while to end. When I was 14, one day I came back from school and my parents told me we were moving to US in 2-3 months. When I heard it first, I was happy, but later I started thinking about how I will be leaving everything behind. My family, friends and neighbors whom I have been with since I was little, I will be leaving all of them in a few months. As the date approached closer, we started to pack more and more things. There wasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦As we finally landed in America, I felt different. I was walking around in airport and observing everything. I saw different people, heard some languages that I have heard. Different people, environment and food made me think that I donÃ¢â¬â¢t belong here. When I was at the airport, I was watching TV. W hile I was listening to the person speaking on TV, I was thinking that I am not even able to follow what he was saying because my English was weak and he was talking really fast for me. When I sneezed, a person sitting next to me said some thing to me and then I started wondering what that person said, so I asked my dad and he told me that the person said Ã¢â¬Å"Bless youÃ¢â¬ because I sneezed. Then we were supposed to go to St. Louis because we were in the New York Airport. So we started to board the plane and it took off, and then instead of landing in St. Louis we landed in Canada. After we got off the plane we went to the questioning desk and the employee said that we were in Canada. Then my dad asked him about how we landed in Canada and she said she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t know and she told us that she was going to contact the people in New York that why did we land in Canada. After contacting the New York airport, she told us that they were going to get us to St. Louis for free. We finally came to St. Louis and I relaxed for some time after the journey of about 25 hours. Then my dad enrolled me in a school. On the first day of my school, I was soShow MoreRelatedNarrative Therapy1612 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNarrative therapy is a family counseling approach that continues to evolve and gain popularity in the field of therapy (Chang Nylund, 2013). Given the continued strides of narrative therapy this is a family counseling approach worthy of research. This paper will detail the beginnings of narrative therapy and those responsible for its development. Although White and Epston are the leading figures of narrative therapy many individuals with varying backgrounds and beliefs influenced their thinkingRead MoreThe Narrative Theory / Paradigm1477 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe narrative theory/paradigm states that everything we do can be laid out as a story (Fisher, 1984). The main points of the theory/paradigm are the following: humans are essentially storytellers; decisions that humans make are based off of good reasons rather than proof; what we do and how we think is swayed by accounts of history, biography, culture and character; our rationality is determined by our sense of probability (the coherency of the narrative) and narrative fidelity (whether the storyRead MoreAnalysis Of Scribner s Article, Scribner756 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand personal narrative. The whole class was thrown for a curve ball when we were assigned Knoblauch for our first assignment. After rereading the material a few times, I began to understand what Knoblauch was trying to convey to us. His argument states that there isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a definite definition of literacy. He breaks literacy into four different categories. Functional literacy, critical literacy, liberal literacy and cultural literacy. Out of all the categories, I connected to literacy as personal growthRead MoreIn My Creative Nonfiction Genre Proposal, I Stated That,1571 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn my creative nonfiction genre proposal, I stated that, Ã¢â¬Å"my [creative writing project s] focus will be literary essays that address humanityÃ¢â¬â¢s universal desire for a sense of identity and belonging; these essays will be written from a personal perspective, containing anecdotes, internal conflicts, and external opinionsÃ¢â¬ (1). A little over ten weeks later, I believe I have achieved this goal in m y final draft because of the stylistic approaches and revisions I made with the help of the CreativeRead MoreBiological Narrative1617 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPERSONAL POTRAIT: A BIOLOGICAL NARRATIVE 2 John C. Carter Capella University Dr. Janice J. Caron August 29, 2010 Abstract Eric Erickson is best known for his studies with psychosocial development, or the development of a person within a social context. Eric EricksonÃ¢â¬â¢s theories focused primarily on the correlation of the release of sexual tension and psychosexual development. The purpose of this paper is for the author to develop a personal portrait integrating EricksonÃ¢â¬â¢s developmentalRead MoreExperiencing Grief Essay1499 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthat immigrants experience and how this impacts on their life and the lives of others. Grief is a complex emotional response that arises from experiences of loss (Kanel 2003). Loss can be multidimensional and accompanies most big changes in our lives (Goldsworthy 2005, p. 176). Moving to another country involves multiple diverse changes, in which people experience a variety of loss (Lee 2010). This essay will demonstrate how critical and ecological perspectives would inform my practice, as a counsellorRead MoreNarrative Writing : High School917 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescore required a freshman writing class, I was irritated and dreaded the experience so much that I delayed taking the course to second semester. Very confident in my writing ability as my high school featured a grueling English department and having received high grades on my history and sociology essays in first semester classes, I presumed that I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t learn anything in FWS. Though I struggled with the drafting process, as my preferred method of essay writing involved writing the entire piece toRead MoreA Research Study On Social Justice Work864 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesas a Ã¢â¬Å"troubled youth.Ã¢â¬ With the following I will be able to get a better understanding on how I would like to develop my potential career field aspect along with changing the world for the generation after me. My Plan: In order to get the concept and the importance of one on one interviews. I have developed a format via email that I emailed to three of my friends to practice my interview process on. The email reads the following: Ã¢â¬Å"Subject: Request for Informational Interview Good Morning: I amRead MoreMy Personal History Narrative From The Beginning Of The Semester1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages After reviewing my personal history narrative from the beginning of the semester, I now see that there are some of my perspectives have been altered. For anyone, it is very easy to stay in their Ã¢â¬Å"bubbleÃ¢â¬ (their safe zone or routine) and only focus on what matters to them without taking into account outside perspectives. People do this, myself included, because it is easy to ignore the realities of others around you and only focus on yourself. Everything from race to religion is very salientRead MoreCree Poetic Discourse By Neal Mcleod1640 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswestern academic writing approach harms the indigenous Cree narratives. According to McLeod, the Cree narrative process, which involves poetic thinking, embraces new possibilities and keeps changing (9). This evolution process not only depends on various occasions of speaking but also depends on different st orytellers and audiences who absorb stories, thus allowing Cree poetic discourse to possess dynamic feature (McLeod 9). Such dynamic narrative approach compresses space, like Neal McLeod, said, Ã¢â¬Å"Like
Monday, May 11, 2020
If you were able to produce milk for your child and had no complications with feeding, would you be more willing to feed your baby that way? Or would you still pick formula? ItÃ¢â¬â¢s an important decision the mom has to make not only for herself but for her child as well. Moms still today donÃ¢â¬â¢t know the benefits of breastfeeding and are quick to pick up a can of formula because of rumors or just lack of education on the subject. The benefits of breast feeding extend well beyond basic nutrition. There is no greater feeling in the world, then knowing that your body is able to produce food for your child. Unlike formula, where youre not too sure what all is in each can. If you ask moms today about breast feeding, about 50% are all for it andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Now days, they have a lactation consultant to help with any trouble or questions you have about breast feeding. They are able to help at any time of the day 7 days a week. When helping, they want to make sure you are comfortable with everything and understand not just the basics but also complications that may arise with breast feeding before they let you go solo. Some benefits for your child would be that the babiesÃ¢â¬â¢ immune system starts off great just from the colostrum from the first feeding. Breast milk contains all vitamins and nutrients your baby will need for the first six months of life. Numerous studies have shown that stomach viruses, lower respiratory illnesses, ear infections and other illnesses occur less in a breastfed child verses a child that drinks formula. Your baby will be able to digest breast milk better then formula therefore wonÃ¢â¬â¢t have issues when it comes to stools. Some negatives that people may have heard are that it hurts. Yes it hurts but only for about a week if that. They make creams to help with pain. Some also may not because they are very shy about feeding in public because they donÃ¢â¬â¢t want the reaction from others. They have made blan kets and cover ups so you can discretely feed your baby without the judgment of others. Also a big problem for some mothers might be that they cannot produce. Unfortunately you cannot do much for that. According to womenshealth.orgShow MoreRelatedBreast Feding vs. Formula Feeding862 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBreast Feeding vs. Formula Feeding There are advantages and disadvantages to both breastfeeding and formula feeding. Some things to consider when deciding which to choose are: cost, convenience, nutrition, and the health benefits to both the baby and to the mother. In terms of cost, an advantage to breastfeeding is that breast milk is free. Its estimated that breastfeeding can save you thousands of dollars a year, depending on the brand of formula that would have been used instead. AccordingRead MoreDoe Assignment11278 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Breast Feeding Vs Bottle Feeding Controversy Jane Doe CHFD 308 American Public University Dr. John DoeBreast Feeding Vs Bottle Feeding Controversy This essay is about the breast feeding vs bottle feeding controversy. Are you depriving your infant of nutrients they need if you chose to bottle feed? Will your child be unhealthy if you chose not to breast feed? Some women feel like breast feeding is always better, some women feel like bottle feeding is just the same. Breast feeding is usuallyRead MoreBreast Feeding Vs. Formula Feeding1111 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSoto 1 Melissa Soto Human Development Professor Daniel Marron 13 February 2015 Breast feeding vs. formula feeding One of the most imperative decision as an expectant mother is deciding whether to formula feed or breastfeed their newborn. Organizations including World Health Organization (WHO), American Medical Association (AMA), and American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) advocate breastfeeding as the advantageous option for newborns. Most of these organizations and other supporters of breastfeedingRead MoreBreast Feeding Advantages and Disadvantages1014 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesInvestigate the advantages and disadvantages of breast feeding and bottle feeding to find which is better This piece of writing is going to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of breast and bottle feeding to find which method is better. By researching the information that is available then there should be a definitive answer to the question that has been asked. This essay will be looking at both methods, providing both advantages and disadvantages of breast and bottle feeding to concludeRead MoreBreastfeeding VS Formula Bottle-feeding Essay1112 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBreastfeeding vs. Formula Bottle-feeding Every mother of a newborn baby must make a very personal decision when it comes to how they are going to feed their infant. I was faced with that decision 3 years ago when I had my first son who I named Ethen. It was one of the very hardest decisions I had to make. I had to consider all the good benefits of breast feeding as well as the benefits of formula bottle-feeding, but the good benefits of breastfeeding outnumbered the bottle feeding ones. I finallyRead MoreIs Breastfeeding Better Than Formula Feeding?963 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIs breastfeeding better than formula feeding? There comes a point in which a mother has to make a critical decision,whether she should breastfeed or give formula to her infant. These two nurturing ways do have advantages and disadvantages. Depending on what the mother decides to take is what will decide how the infant will develop. This nurturing choices affect the development of the brain and the immune system. Any changes in the baby s nutrient will ha ve an affect on the infant s life. What isRead MoreThe Breast Vs. Bottle Debate1718 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The Breast vs. Bottle Debate Deciding whether to formula feed or breastfeed ones baby is one of the biggest and most crucial decisions expectant and new parents will make before giving birth. Organizations such as World Health Organizations (WHO), American Medical Association (AMA), American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and American Dietetic Association recommend breastfeeding as the best option for the newborn. Most of these organizations and other supporters of breastfeeding affirm that it defendsRead MoreThe Ethical Dilemma of Midwives of Women Who Choose to Bottle Feed1013 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrequirement not to breastfeed. In addition, why bottle-feeding their babies is the women choice. Why breast-feeding is, better for mother and baby than bottle-feeding. Women who choose to bottle-feed. Woman who choose to bottle-feed their babies, can decide why they bottle-feed, through a number of factors. The womans age; her level of education; her cultural background, this can all help her decide to bottle-fed, for example if she was brought up on formula and her friends and family all bottle-fed theirRead MoreThe Health Benefits Of Breast Feeding1451 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesonly two choices, breastfeeding or bottle/formula feeding. Breast feeding is simply the baby sucking milk from the motherÃ¢â¬â¢s breasts, while formula feeding is manufactured food fed to the baby with a bottle. There are arguments for and against one or the other, but which is actually better? Below we will examine the pros and cons of both methods, in an effort to understand if one is truly better than the other. First we will look at the pros of Breast-feeding. According to the Office on WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s HealthRead MoreBenefits of Breastfeeding Essay595 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesbreastfeeding or formula feeding; and opinions about the preferred feeding choice in that family) around breastfeeding. Many of these opinions impact the choice and options that the family and new mother have. Studies after studies have been performed to search for the answer to the question every woman asks herself, Ã¢â¬Å"What is the best way to feed my baby?Ã¢â¬ Breast-feeding is the all-natural process in which infants get the nutritional consumption that they need to survive, grow, and progress. Human breast milk
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Dear friend! WeÃ¢â¬â¢ve just read Ã¢â¬Å"Animal FarmÃ¢â¬ in class. Ã¢â¬Å"Animal farmÃ¢â¬ , or Ã¢â¬Å"Animal Farm: A Fairy StoryÃ¢â¬ as the original title was, was a little manuscript which was published right after the Second World War by George Orwell, ever heard of him? It was a book that was originally placed in the shelves of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s books, and was read as a fairytale (as the previous title presumed you would do). But behind the naive and sort of innocent surface, there was a hidden messageÃ¢â¬ ¦ between the lines there laid a story about political reforms and great historical events. We will write a custom essay sample on Dear friend Ã¢â¬â a letter about Animal Farm or any similar topic only for you Order Now A story about revolution, power and animalism! ItÃ¢â¬â¢s really good! Ã¢â¬Å"Animal FarmÃ¢â¬ is a short novel based on the hard life of the animals, which live somewhere in England on a farm called Ã¢â¬Å"Manor FarmÃ¢â¬ . After the oldest pig on the farm realizes he is going to die soon, he gathers all the animals on the farm in the barn to tell about his dreams for the future: A revolutionary dream, where animals are the one in command, not the humans. The story that follows tells us about how the animals are getting their much wanted power, and how they use it, and donÃ¢â¬â¢t use it. When I read Ã¢â¬Å"Animal FarmÃ¢â¬ , I clearly saw that the animals in the story were actually used to illustrate real human beings from historical revolutions. Just as a puppet show for children. The Russian Revolution, which is the most obvious revolution you would compare the content in the book with, is rewritten in a humorous way, excellent done by the author. With this in mind, it is therefore easy to see that for instance the group of sheep at the farm are the masses, the followers, the kinds that Ã¢â¬Å"donÃ¢â¬â¢t give a damnÃ¢â¬ about whatÃ¢â¬â¢s going on. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s how the masses in the real life revolution were described as well. You may then see what I realized after reading this easy-read novel: You must always ask questions. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t take things for granted, donÃ¢â¬â¢t do things just because youÃ¢â¬â¢re told so, and most important: DonÃ¢â¬â¢t be a sheep! Just instead of telling the heavy story like in a history book, he puts his own individual twist on it. And it sells! George Orwell tells a story about the past (and present) to inform the public. He expresses his opinions by letting the readers have a look at the puppet show of the revolutions, a satiric story which warn us against communism and dictatorship. I loved Ã¢â¬Å"Animal FarmÃ¢â¬ because I find it funny, but at the same time educational and interesting. It made me think, and wary of the government! I think this is a book with meaning and moral lessons for everyone; itÃ¢â¬â¢s suitable for all age, especially pupils and students, so itÃ¢â¬â¢s perfect for you! I would say this is a unique fable, with a classic theme, and with a brilliant ending (which I wonÃ¢â¬â¢t reveal to you). ItÃ¢â¬â¢s sort of Ã¢â¬Å"mind-blowingÃ¢â¬ ! I hope by telling you this that you will experience the same thing! Order it now! It can never be read too often! Ã°Å¸â¢â Best regards, Tony. How to cite Dear friend Ã¢â¬â a letter about Animal Farm, Papers
Thursday, April 30, 2020
Operational Excellence Essay So to achieve customer satisfaction Eurest at Sainsburys have to identify their clients and customers, then research their needs, then set targets on how to improve their satisfaction, carry these targets and finally they should talk about this action and make sure it is supported by the management. This is a good method of obtaining customer satisfaction, it explains in detail a professional method of achieving this. They have chosen this method because it involves finding out the customers needs and wants, this means that they know exactly what the customers need. Then declaring improvement targets means that they have found, through research, new and efficient ways of satisfying the customers. Finally, prioritising the targets and making sure that the targets are supported by the management is a way off ensuring that the targets are safe and that they are going to be a success. They have chosen this over other targets because off how efficient it is and that they know from experience that it is the best target. For example Eurest at Sainsburys could have decided that to achieve customer satisfaction they should serve good quality meals at a cheap price. This would be a good method, but although it would please some customers, it would also displease other customers because Eurest at Sainsburys would spend a lot of their time sticking to this target and not to the other needs of the customers. We will write a custom essay sample on Operational Excellence specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Operational Excellence specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Operational Excellence specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Eurest at Sainsburys has achieved this objective in most areas. The company researches what the customers want and tries to adapt to this in all situations. For example Eurest at Sainsburys regularly use a questionnaire scheme, this involves giving the customers a voluntary questionnaire that included various questions on what they want from the staff canteen service. Eurest at Sainsburys the review the questionnaires and introduce schemes like the meal deal scheme. This scheme involves giving the customers a chance to buy a meal deal, a variety of foods for a certain price. This scheme has been a great success and now it is used in all of the Eurest at Sainsburys units. Obviously it is hard for Eurest at Sainsburys to achieve complete customer satisfaction as you simply cannot please everyone, but in this area they have done what they can to achieve this goal. Over the years they have recorded a lot of research on customer satisfaction, it is just a matter of getting the balance rig ht. Establish our position as the market leader in foodservice worldwide. We will continue our focus on the needs of our market places through our use of brands driven and facilitated by New Famous Foods and foodservice brands, and by marketing our operating brands. This means that they want to establish and keep their position as market leader. They want to do this by gaining a well know image for their food and to publicise their brand names. Eurest at Sainsburys use the Eurest and Compass brand names on all of their meals and packaged foods. These brand names are widely known and to achieve this objective Eurest at Sainsburys must keep these brand names successful and research new ways to promote them. They have chosen this objective over others because it aims high and they believe it is achievable. Compass have already achieved market leadership, so what they want for Eurest at Sainsburys is for them to retain their leadership and to make it even better. Eurest at Sainsburys are definitely achieving this objective as we know they are already part of the market leaders. Their brands are the most well known in the contract catering industry they are in the process of creating new market brands. For example if you go into any service station on the motorway, about 85% of these will have a restaurant that has the Eurest or Compass trademark. Also Compass is in the process of creating the compass sandwich range, which has been tested in 10% of the units. The idea is that these sandwiches are of the highest quality and they are made with quality ingredients. Compass wants their employees to be exceptionally good workers, thats why they have given Eurest at Sainsburys this objective. If carried out correctly the staff would have been carefully employed, trained and then to be developed. This is a good objective in theory but this isnt Eurest at Sainsburys strongest area. They have chosen this objective because if carried out correctly, it will have an excellent affect on the staff and business. An alternative to this could be, using a training first objec tive where he staff are heavily trained before doing any work. This should work out to be a good method but Compass have decided on their objective from experience in the industry. Eurest at Sainsburys recently havent been very successful in achieving this objective. At the moment they are having a lot of short-staffing problems, this is due to not carrying out this objective efficiently. For example at the moment Eurest at Sainsburys are moving a lot of permanent, fixed workers from their unit to other units across the country, this is due to short staffing. This is not good for the business as fixed worker are usually fixed to there units and if you move them to other units they may not know the procedures and how to work in that unit. Also many employees are employed without filling in the application form. This means that in some cases almost anyone can get a job working for Eurest at Sainsburys. So as we have learned, this is definitely an area for improvement for Eurest at Sainsburys.
Saturday, March 21, 2020
The Kindness of Strangers Free Online Research Papers It was the middle of summer and very hot. The drive back from Arizona is a long drive, even more so when driven alone. I was in the middle of nowhere when my car started to make a noise. At first thought, I had imagined it, then I saw smoke billow out from under my hood and I knew I had better pull off the road. Immediately I turned off my car and I got out lifting the hood . It looked to be steaming from a hose. All I could do was sit there I was stranded. Car after car drove past, an hour or more had gone by when finally a woman with her two young daughters had stopped. The woman said ordinarily she does not stop when she sees somebody broke down, but she noticed I was a woman and alone, so she stopped. I thanked her for her kindness and begin to explain that I was many miles from home with little to no money and it seems my car decided to break down on me. She then told me that she and husband along with their two daughters lived in the next town about twenty miles form there. She also said her husband has a garage and towing service in town and said he would tow my car back and look at it for me. I reminded her that I had very little money. She said not to worry that he would understand. After I got in her car, I seen she was a soft-spoken woman in her late twenties with trusting blue eyes. She said her name was Linda then introduced her daughters. Tammy who was nine a looked just like her mother, and Frankie with bright red hair was seven. Linda said Frankie looked so much like her father she named her after him. I thought that was neat. They were very well mannered . We spent the while trip into town talking, they told me about the farm where they lived, and how each of them had a horse. I found the girls to be as kind as their mother. They even offered me to go riding with them. Of course, I told them that I would love to , but it probably would not be this time around. Shortly after arriving in town I saw a sign that hung over a little shop ,it read Ã¢â¬Å"FRANKS GARAGEÃ¢â¬ . We pulled in and her husband greeted us at the gate. Linda introduced me to her husband Frank, and proceeded to tell him of my situation. HE said he was more than happy to help and that he would go pick up my car bring it back to his shop and look at it for me. I told him I had little money, he was sympatric to my situation and said I would owe them. It was then Linda invited me to help get dinner going while Frank retrieved my car. I did not want to be a bother I said, and she said nonsense that I would not be a bother, so I accepted. Linda told Frank that we would see him back at home, and with that, we had left. It was the most beautiful little ranch I had ever seen. There was chickens, a cow, a dog, and of course, the horses the girls had told me about. As we drove up the drive Linda reminded the girls their chores needed to be done right away. We got out of the car I could see forever it seemed that. I followed Linda into the house. It was cozy and warm it felt like a home. Linda asked if I would like to freshen up?, and after which I found her in the kitchen. She had already been so kind I had to offer her my help with dinner, and together we prepared dinner. We have to know one another it was very nice to meet someone so kind. Linda called the girls in to wash up and to set the table for dinner. Ten minutes later Frank had pulled up in the drive it was great timing for Linda and I was about to put dinner on the table. Frank came in kissed his wife and said he had good news for me, but he would like to wash up first. As we all sat down to the table, Linda asked Frank to say grace. While the was being passed around Frank announced that my car problem was not as bad as I thought and that I needed was a new radiator hose which he had at his garage, and after dinner him and I would go to the garage where it would take him ten minutes to fix. I was so pleased and grateful for their kindness. I told Linda I would not ever forget her kindness and asked how I could ever repay her for it. She simply replied come visit us some time. I had made a wonderful friend in Linda that day and until this day, I visit Linda and her family every summer. Research Papers on The Kindness of StrangersNever Been Kicked Out of a Place This NiceWhere Wild and West MeetHip-Hop is Art19 Century Society: A Deeply Divided EraThe Spring and AutumnThe Effects of Illegal ImmigrationEffects of Television Violence on ChildrenHonest Iagos Truth through DeceptionMarketing of Lifeboy Soap A Unilever ProductComparison: Letter from Birmingham and Crito
Wednesday, March 4, 2020
How to Water a Tree and When You Shouldn't Few tasks for homeowners are more complicated than knowing if, when and how to water a landscape tree. Much of it depends on the type of tree, your climate, current weather conditions, and a host of other variables. A watering schedule that works well for one tree species in one region of the country can be disastrous for a different tree species or in a different climate region.Ã Water is the single most essential resource for a trees survival and growth, far more important than fertilizing, disease and pest control, or any other biological need.Ã Most of us understand the need to water trees during dry times, but what we often forget is that a tree can also be harmed by too much water. Unfortunately, the symptoms for a water-starved tree can appear to be the same as symptoms caused by water-logged tree roots. A tree that is beginning to wilt may be shutting down because too much water has introduced a vascular fungal disease into the roots, for example. In many cases, a homeowner then responds by watering more frequently and more heavily, which can lead to much bigger problems.Ã Symptoms for both under-watering and over-watering can be the appearance of wilted and scorched leaves. Both conditions can prevent tree roots from effectively transporting water to the top of the tree and the tree will react by wilting. In addition, too much tree water can also shut down sufficient oxygen to the roots. Some tree species can handle wet feet but many trees can not. Always read up on your tree species and learn what it wants and doesnt want in terms of its environment and watering needs.Ã Trees known for vibrant fall color will show disappointing color in the fall if you overwater them. Bright leaf color is triggered by the naturally dry conditions that occur in the early fall, and a tree that receives too much water during this time of year may respond by disappointing you with its leaf color. To maximize the fall display, keep the tree well-watered during the main part of the growing season, but withhold water in the late summer and early fall. Once the trees leaves have fallen, do water the soil adequately, because you want good soil moisture to be present in the ground going into winter.Ã How To Water a Tree Supplemental watering during drought conditions can prevent tree decline, pest problems, and non-recoverable damage to tree roots and theÃ canopy. Young trees recently planted in the landscape and certain drought-prone species need regular watering during dry periods. This essentially means that most trees that have seen no rainfall in a given week should get a hand watering. This is not a hard and fast rule, though, because many native species are adapted to local conditions and may not need extra watering. Consult with a nursery specialist or a member of your state universitys Extension service to learn the needs of your trees.Ã Depending upon soil texture, the density of water-competing plants found around the tree, daily temperatures, and recent rainfall amounts, about one inch of water per week should keep a tree healthy. Trees should be watered once or at most twice a week in the growing season if there has been no significant rainfall. A few slow, heavy (high-volume) waterings are much better than many short, shallow waterings, because long, infrequent waterings encourage the tree to send out deep, robust roots. Frequent shallow waterings will encourage the tree to rely on shallow, weak roots, which is not to the long-term benefit of the tree.Ã However, to say that a tree needs deep watering does not mean dumping huge quantities of water on it in within a few minutes. When this is done, much of the water simply sinks through the soil layer past the trees roots and is never taken up by the roots at all. The best deep watering is a slow watering left in place for an hour or so. Turning a garden hose on so it produces a small trickle and leaving the end of the hose a foot or so away from the trunk is ideal. Another excellent method for watering young trees is to use one of the tree-watering bags available. Made from dense flexible plastic or rubber, these bags fit around the lower tree trunk, and when they are filled with water, they allow a slow, steady trickle of water to run down into the earth. This provides the deep, slow watering that is ideal for trees.Ã All landscape trees should be properly mulched, which means blanketing the area directly under the tree canopy with a 2- or 3-inch layer of organic material, such as shredded wood or compost. This layer of mulch will cool the soil and keep moisture trapped in place. But dont pile the mulch up against the tree trunk, because this will encourage pests and fungal diseases.Ã Dont Over-Water a Tree! As mentioned, if the trees leaves look wilted or scorched even though you have faithfully been watering, its quite possible that there is too much soil moisture for the tree to handle. This can be a problem in landscape with automatic watering systems that apply water by timer even during weeks when rainfall amounts have been good. The best way to check for wet soil is to dig down 6 to 8 inches and feel the soil. The soil should be cool and slightly moist but not soaking wet. Examining the soil with your hands may also tell you much. You should be able to press most non-sandy soils into a ball with your hands and have it stay together without falling apartthis indicates proper soil moisture.Ã If the soil ball falls apart when squeezed, then the soil may not have sufficient moisture. If the soil ball you just made will not crumble when rubbed, you either have clay soil or soil that is too wet to crumble. This is an indication of too much water, so watering should be stopped. Neither loose sandy soils nor dense clay soils are ideal for growing most trees, although you may be able to find species well adapted to these soil conditions. In general,Ã sandy soils will adequately support trees adapted to droughty, low-moisture conditions, while clay soils will work well with trees known to thrive in wet, boggy environments.
Monday, February 17, 2020
Statistics Review Questions - Essay Example Correlation is a method to measure the association in between two variables. When we compare the correlating scores of two variables, we are trying to determine whether the variables are related to each other or not. The purpose of doing correlations is to allow us to make a prediction about one variable based on what we know about another variable.Ã Ã Ã A frequency distribution is the tabulation of raw data obtained by dividing it intoÃ classesÃ of some size and computing the number of data elements (or their fraction out of the total) falling within each pair ofÃ class boundaries. A frequency distribution can be modeled as aÃ histogramÃ orÃ as a pie chart (Frequency Distribution). A pie chart shows the differences between two separate variables or subjects. A pie chart is a graph that is in the shape of a circle which represents a total of 100%. Other variables or subjects are shown on the chart with respect to their relative percentages to the whole. The different subjects are shown in different colors and the size of each subject in the pie is proportional to the percentage of the subject. A bar graph shows raw data and it is designed to show different values of two or more subjects but instead of using the pie to represent data it uses horizontal and vertical bars that represent a different value. The bar graph has numbers along the side of the bars to indicate the value of the variable and there are scales which show what variable is being measured. The difference between the pie chart and the bar graph is that a bar graph is capable of showing change over time. While a single pie chart cannot show changes over time by itself, it can only represent the given percentages at a fixed point in time. A graphical display of aÃ frequency table is called a frequency polygon. The X-axis has the intervals shown on it while the number of scores in each interval is represented by the height of a point located above the middle of the